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What types of careers are available in early childhood?
Child Care Centers Provide care for larger numbers of children in separate buildings, churches or schools. Children come for part or all of the day. Centers usually follow a plan of regularly-scheduled activities. Children of the same age play together. Teachers in child-care centers plan and implement activities that are appropriate for the children with whom they are working.
Children in child-care centers are grouped by age as follows:
- Infants: birth - 15 months
- Toddlers: 16 months - 32 months
- Preschool: 33 months - 5 years
Early Childhood Programs
Nursery School or Preschool
Offer only part-time care, usually for children ages 2-1/2 to 5 years. Parents choose this type of care for the organized activities and opportunities for their children to be with children of the same age.
Centers sponsored by the federal and state government to serve low-income children ages 2-1/2 to 5 years. This program also provides health-care services and involves parents in the program.
A program for children in all Minnesota school districts. Parents meet with an educator while children participate in an Early Childhood Family Education Program.
Early Childhood Special Education
A public school-based program for children with special needs.
In-Home Care (Nanny)
A position that involves the care of children and varies in additional responsibilities that aid in household functioning. Requirements of the position can be quite diverse; live-in or live-out, full-time or part-time, private employers or agencies.
Family Child Care
Caring for children in the licensed home of the caregiver. The child-care provider is often a parent with young children. Parents choose this type of care for the home setting, flexible hours and small group size. Caregivers may care for up to 10 children, depending on their ages.
Other graduates have secured employment as:
Paraprofessionals with area public school districts Child Care Resource & Referral Specialists Case aides with social service programs Personal Support Attendants for children with special needs A number of students have continued their education to achieve a 4-year degree in Elementary Education or other related fields.
Last Updated: July 2, 2014